Month: September 2019

History of Motorcycle tires

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Why where motorcycle tires made before 1915 white? And why did tire engineers add carbon black, making the tires black after that? Check out this insightful history article brought to you by this motorcycle trader.

The first production inflatable tires were made by Scottish inventor John Boyd Dunlop in 1888. He originally made them for his sons tricycle out of canvas bonded with liquid rubber. Realizing how efficient they were on the tricycle he later fitted them to a bicycle and the rest of course is history.

Some other tire manufacturers you may have heard of started their bicycle and/or automotive tire business soon thereafter, such as: Goodyear (1898), Michelin (1889), Pirelli (1890), Metzeler (1892), Continental (1898) and Firestone (1900). Since the original motorcycles made were essentially modified bicycles, all production motorcycles, including the first Hildebrand & Wolfmüller, had inflatable tires.

The very first motorcycle tires (1894-1909) were between 22-28 inches in diameter and 1 1/2 – 2 inches wide. The wheels were spoked made either entirely out of metal or metal and wood, and the tires used inner tubes to hold air.

As the engine displacement and weight of the motorcycles grew, so did the tires width. By 1914 Indian motorcycles used 3 inch tires on 28 inch rims. These tires were constructed with a cross ply, or a bias tire construction, with body ply cords that extend diagonally from bead to bead at an angle between 30-55 degrees, with successive plies laid at opposing angles forming a crisscross pattern to which the

tread is applied.

Tread patterns had been invented for bicycles already during the late 1890s, with either protuberances of raised rubber buttons or indentations of depressed transverse slots. The manufacturers experimented with more complex patterns of indentations and protuberances in the years to come, and still do to this very day.

Before 1915 motorcycle tires were highly sensitive to ultraviolet light, or sunlight. The tire manufacturers discovered that by adding carbon black, which is a material produced by the incomplete combustion of heavy petroleum products, the tires had greater resistance to sunlight and also got better thermal stability.

This is why tires from before 1915 were white in color, which is the color of natural rubber. Tires of the time were also very flexible due to the way the tire attached to the wheel by a clincher interlock. This led Michelin engineers to try and find a solution, which they did using wired-on beads, which used steel loops embedded in the tires edge to prevent it from expanding under pressure.

The solution was implemented by all manufacturers in the coming years and by 1930 all motorcycle tires and rims where designed in this way. Another limitation of the tires of the time was the use of only natural rubber, but in 1909 German Organic chemist Frits Hofmann discovered Synthetic rubber. Natural rubber has great mechanical performance at constant temperatures but is thermally unstable, or in other words, as the temperature in the tire increases, its …

5 Things to Consider Before Planning Your International Travel

Visiting another country is always fun. You can see new people, culture, language, arts, and a new way of living there. International travel brings along a sense of adventure as well as insecurity. Because it is an unknown place and you need to figure your way out, on your own. But with a little bit of preparedness, prudence and travel insurance, you can plan a perfect international trip. All you need to do is, make sure you have planned well for these 5 important factors before you go. Here are the 5 things to consider before planning your international travel…

  • Check and get your passport and visa ready

These two define your existence in any country. Check if your passport is still valid for at least 6 more months. Also check if it has a few pages still left there, just in case you need them. If not, then renew it immediately so that your trip can go ahead without any hassles. Also, get an appropriate visa and research on all the conditions that you need to follow in order to obtain one for a particular country.

  • Check travel advisories and stock medications

Today’s world is tumultuous in terms of health, social and political stability. This is why you need to pay attention to the travel advisories released by your country as well as the country you are planning to travel to. These advisories give you the most important tips about your travel plan, as per the current situation. If there is a health advisory, make sure you get proper vaccines and stock medications that are allowed on flights.

  • Get sufficient money in hand and in bank account

It can be a difficult situation if you are stranded in a foreign country with no cash in hand. Though digital payments are becoming a common trend, in some areas, mostly rural and remote areas, you might need cash to continue your trip. ATMs are one of the best ways to withdraw money so you should also keep enough money in your bank account(s) too.

  • Buy a travel insurance policy for your trip abroad

A travel insurance policy is the best way to be prepared for a health emergency on your trip abroad. Also, many countries have made it mandatory to have travel insurance for obtaining visa. Travel insurance helps you cover the accidental healthcare expenses as well as allowances for the hospitalization duration. Search for some of the best general insurance companies, such as Bharti AXA, for a comprehensive travel insurance policy.

  • Pack sufficiently and appropriately as per your needs

Always carry only necessary stuff on your international trips. You can avoid taking along excessive jewelry, electronics and food supplements, so that your luggage can be light and easy to manage. Also, put your name and contact details in every bag so that in case it is lost, the airline can identify it and get it back to you. Also, check the allowed luggage limit and type of luggage …

Buying Used Cars In Japan

That you have arrived at this page clarifies that you need some data concerning utilized vehicle available to be purchased in Japan. Before you buy a car, particularly a trade-in vehicle, there are a ton of interesting points. Furthermore, it’s straightforward to get proposals. Search on Google, and you’ll discover several articles that will give you the ‘top tips’ to purchase vehicles available to be bought in Japan. In any case, I’m not going to trouble you with an extended schedule. Let me help you instead know about what you should not.

Try not to Buy Form the Owner Directly. This may sound abnormal to you. Notwithstanding, there is a motivation behind why you ought not to purchase a trade-in vehicle straightforwardly from the proprietor. You may locate a less expensive arrangement; however, no one can tell what condition the car is in. For what reason would it be advisable for you to go out on a limb that may lead you to a disgraceful and appalling driving background? Since you have the choice to purchase a trade-in vehicle from rumored Japan automobile vendors who sell new just as trade-in vehicles, what’s the purpose of getting it from the proprietor whose sole expectation may be to dispose of it in any case? Surveys and inputs from trade-in vehicle proprietors uncover that trade-in vehicles from these japanese used cars sellers are on a par with the new ones. Truth be told before the automobile vendors sell a trade-in vehicle, they administration it well and supplant any part that isn’t working superbly.

Do Not Limit Your Search

Try not to Limit Your Search to the Auto Listings I’ve denoted a typical inclination among the hopeful purchasers of trade-in vehicles – the nearby auto postings. Be that as it may, you may be as of now have a thought for what reason I’m recommending you not to confine your inquiry inside the postings. The postings will educate you about those trade-in vehicles available to be purchased in Japan, which their proprietors need to sell legitimately to the client. Also, for this situation, you accept a similar hazard as clarified previously. On the off chance that you scan for trade-in vehicles available to be purchased Japan on Google, you will discover the sites of the rumored Japan automobile vendors moreover. This opens your entryway to a superior and significantly more appealing arrangement.

Remember the Car Loan Factor The commonest motivation behind why individuals need to purchase utilized vehicles is monetary issues. In the event that you feel that your money related circumstance is somewhat tight, why not consider vehicle credits? On the off chance that you have surrendered on the grounds that you think that persuading a bank to furnish you with a vehicle financing credit is troublesome, given me a chance to illuminate you that you can approach the Japan vehicle vendors for automobile advances. Experts at their Finance Departments work with the account and banking associations or moneylenders and help you get …

Best Car Shipping Tips

Car shipping isn’t something you do overnight because the damage can be done if you rush things like this. There is a whole process of choosing the company and preparing your vehicle for transportation. A lot of people don’t think about things like insurance and coverage, they only remember to do so when it is too late. You need to do good research when choosing a company so the risk of damage can be minimized.

There are a lot of scams or companies that only have a couple of employees that are doing this in free time. Those people are usually inexperienced but they attract customers with lower price. Always find a reputable company that is for a long time in the business so you can be secure. Even when your friend refers a company, it doesn’t mean they will do a good job for you. Read more on this homepage.

Preparing Your Car

There are a lot of details you need to take care of when it comes to preparing your car. The first thing is to wash it because dust can cover the dents or any damage to the auto. Some companies will request this because you can claim that they made the damage. This will also help you because if they cause damage it will be noticeable if the car is clean.

You also need to clean inside of the car because you might have some valuable stuff in it. Shipping company won’t be responsible if you lost something in the car. You have to give them the keys so they can place the car on the trailer but it is expected that the automobile is ready for transport.

One of the most obvious tips is to turn off the alarm but you would be surprised how many people forget to do that. You also don’t need to have fully loaded tank because it will make the van heavier so it will cost more and there is no need to have a full tank. You should have a small amount because you might need to drive it to the nearest gas station when it arrives. After you finish checking everything around the car, remove any customer accessories you have on it. This will make it easier for transport.

Get Multiple Quotes

Your friend may have experience with shipping an auto but it doesn’t mean too much because every occasion is different. There are a lot of great companies but you should always look for one that is near you. They will probably have a lower price for you. When searching for a company online, get a quote from multiple companies so you can compare the prices.

The quote you get won’t be the only thing that matters when choosing a shipping firm but it is one of the most important. Besides a quote, you can ask them about the delivery time and when they will pick it up. If they need to transport it from 100 …